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ARTICLE |

Chest Boxing

J. E. P. Frederiks Jr.
JAMA. 1987;257(8):1050. doi:10.1001/jama.1987.03390080040019.
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ABSTRACT

To the Editor.—  As you are aware, several organizations still promote the continuation of boxing as a sport. Head injuries, serious brain damage, and even death are realities we can no longer ignore. Increasingly, physicians are trying to convince us of the dangers involved in boxing.These criticisms receive little or no attention from insiders. Therefore, it may seem slightly paradoxical that a boxing club in the Netherlands— M.T.S. Boxing Holland in Maastricht— openly admits that these dangers do exist.We have not allowed matters to rest at that and have seriously looked for a healthy alternative. This led us to a style of boxing that absolutely avoids head injuries. To prove that we have not taken this matter lightly, we have forwarded a report of our findings to the Ministry of Health and Culture and all the Dutch political parties.Our rules state that the skull may no longer

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