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ARTICLE |

HIV Seroprevalence Among Hospital Workers in Kinshasa, Zaire:  Lack of Association With Occupational Exposure

Jonathan M. Mann, MD, MPH; Henry Francis, MD; Thomas C. Quinn, MD; Kapita Bila, MD; Pangu Kaza Asila, MD, MPH; Ngaly Bosenge, MD; Nzila Nzilambi, MD; Leopold Jansegers, MD; Peter Piot, MD; Kalisa Ruti, MD; James W. Curran, MD, MPH
JAMA. 1986;256(22):3099-3102. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380220065023.
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A study of seroprevalence of the human immunodeficiency virus involving 2384 (96%) of Mama Yemo Hospital's (Kinshasa, Zaire) 2492 personnel found 152 (6.4%) to be seropositive. Prevalence was higher among women than among men (8.1% vs 5.2%); in women peak seroprevalence (13.9%) occurred in 20-to 29-year-olds. Workers most likely to be seropositive were those who were relatively young, those who were unmarried, those reporting a blood transfusion or hospitalization during the previous ten years, and those receiving medical injections during the previous three years. Medical, administrative, and manual workers had similar seroprevalence (6.5%, 6.4%, and 6.0%, respectively), and seropositivity was not associated with any measure of patient, blood, or needle contact. These findings are consistent with other hospital-based studies indicating low risks for occupational transmission of human immunodeficiency virus.

(JAMA 1986;256:3099-3102)

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