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Graduate Medical Education

Anne E. Crowley, PhD; Sylvia I. Etzel
JAMA. 1986;256(12):1585-1594. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380120055007.
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INTRODUCTION  This annual report on graduate medical education in the United States for the 1985-1986 academic year contains data on the number of residency programs by specialty and by region, the number of positions offered, the number of trainees by specialty and by region, the number of foreign medical graduates in each specialty and in each state, and information on the ethnic background and citizenship of trainees. It also includes the results of a special survey of programs that accept medical school graduates who have had no previous graduate medical training, ie, programs that offer "postgraduate-year-1" (PGY-1) positions.

RESIDENT AND RELATED TERMS  In the medical education community, the terms intern, resident, and fellow are used with widely different meanings. Variation in the use of these terms occurs from specialty to specialty, from institution to institution, and even from department to department within the same institution. At times, the generic term


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