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ARTICLE |

Learning To Heal: The Development of American Medical Education

Alberto Galofré, MD, MEd
JAMA. 1986;256(9):1200. doi:10.1001/jama.1986.03380090140034.
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ABSTRACT

George Miller, the eminent medical educator, once said, only half seriously, that not even knowledge of history would help medical educators avoid repeating errors of the past. Ludmerer, a physician and historian, believes that medical educators will be better prepared by learning from the past and presents the message that each generation has alternatives from which to choose.

Learning to Heal examines events from the 19th century to the present: the creation of the modern American medical school by an amalgamation of elements from European influences with homegrown adaptations; the preand post-Flexner eras, including the crucial role of philanthropy, which gave impetus to some of the more prestigious current schools; and, finally, the corporate model or modern medical education system.

In conducting the research for this book, Ludmerer visited more than 30 cities and obtained documents from most medical schools active at the time of the famed Flexner report. Events

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The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
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