We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......

Almost Persuaded: American Physicians and Compulsory Health Insurance, 1912-1920

Lester S. King, MD
JAMA. 1978;240(15):1649. doi:10.1001/jama.1978.03290150095039.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


Ronald Numbers, one of the most prolific and capable of our younger social historians of medicine, has in his latest book added to his laurels. He deals with the agitation for compulsory health insurance that took place in this country between 1913 and 1920. The movement for health betterment through insurance had its origins in Germany under Bismarck in 1884, with revisions in 1911, while in Great Britain a comparable act took effect in 1913. In this country there was considerable activity to enact similar measures. Indeed, many thoughtful physicians thought some type of enactment seemed inevitable, and the movement attracted a strong group of reformers, carried along by the progressive movement of the early 20th century. The American Association for Labor Legislation worked long and hard to get suitable measures passed in various state legislatures, with rosy prospects of success.

Although this movement has already attracted the attention of


Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?




Also Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
Please click the checkbox indicating that you have read the full article in order to submit your answers.
Your answers have been saved for later.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

0 Citations

Sign in

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal
• Rent this article ?

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.