Chronic Inflammatory Gingival and Periodontal Disease

Roy C. Page, DDS, PhD; L. David Engel, DDS, PhD; A. Sampath Narayanan, PhD; James A. Clagett, PhD
JAMA. 1978;240(6):545-550. doi:10.1001/jama.1978.03290060047012.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Gingivitis and periodontitis account for more than 95% of all inflammatory diseases of the tissues surrounding the teeth, comprising the principal cause of tooth loss in adults. Gingivitis is a relatively innocuous inflammation of the gums, with associated bleeding and exudation. Gingivitis may convert to periodontitis, a destructive aggressive disease with resorption of alveolar bone, destruction of collagen with fibrosis, and formation of deep pockets around the necks of the teeth. Gingivitis and periodontitis are caused by microorganisms populating the gingival sulcus and periodontal pocket. Treatment is directed toward arresting the progress of the disease through debridement and stabilization of the teeth. Toothbrushing and other measures by which the teeth are mechanically cleaned remain the most effective way to control plaque accumulation and periodontal disease.

(JAMA 240:545-550, 1978)


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours




Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.