0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
ARTICLE |

Improvisation

Charles D. Aring, MD
JAMA. 1973;225(10):1241-1242. doi:10.1001/jama.1973.03220380053016.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

"Any man who is afraid of being supplanted ought to be supplanted," said John Wanamaker. Evidently, Wanamaker was enough of the natural psychologist besides merchant and philanthropist, to recognize in the fearful an occupational hazard.

It had been in the nature of the frontiersman to deal with the vicissitudes of his environs. Improvisation was the order of the day, one coped or succumbed. The Industrial era required a narrowing of choices, the worker becoming specialized in a restricted task where improvisation was more or less superfluous. Increased output was, of course, the main interest of management, although the limitations of the method allowed the employment of persons of limited capacity and generally quite devoid of the ability to improvise. The restriction of outlook required to concentrate on piecework made of the employee a cog in a machine, for which he was paid more. It is no wonder that the majority

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();