No medical scientist's name is more familiar to the profession and the laity than that of Louis Pasteur. His contributions, planned and pursued with simplicity, established the causal relationship of microorganisms to several industrial problems indigenous to France, and later to infectious diseases in animals and man. They have proved to be the keystone of contemporary microbiology.
Pasteur was born at Dôle, Jura, the son of a tanner who had retired as a sergeant from Napoleon's army.1 Pasteur displayed industry and patience but not brilliance as a youth; rather, his artistic talents in sketching before he was attracted to science brought him greater attention. After receiving the BA degree at Besançon, he continued his higher education in Paris at the École Normale and later at the Sorbonne, where he was especially intrigued with the lectures of Dumas, brilliant chemist and senator. To this exposure has been attributed his steadfast