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Chromosomes and Sex Determination

Ray Bunge, MD
JAMA. 1968;203(10):894-895. doi:10.1001/jama.1968.03140100076031.
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To the Editor:—  I took the bait and am properly hooked on "Chromosomes Do Not An Athlete Make" (202, Dec 11, 1967, adv p 54). Daniel F. Hanley, MD, states:There is no reason why a woman with a sex-linked chromosomal abnormality should be banned from Olympic events. If you are trying to get rid of a fraud, a male who is masquerading as a female, there is a very simple way of doing it. But this almost never occurs. If you are throwing out everybody with any chromosomal abnormality at all, then you are wrong. What about the extra 'X' chromosome, the so-called 'super-female?' Why not let her compete? It doesn't mean that she is any better or that she is going to win. If this philosophy continues, that of determining who is female by a buccal test, we will establish a new definition of femaleness.How does he


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