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JAMA. 1967;202(11):1048-1049. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03130240090020.
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Lorenz Heister, one of the founders of scientific J surgery, was born in Frankfurt-am-Main. His father, an innkeeper, enjoyed preferred rights in this electoral city of the Holy Roman Empire at the time of the escape of European Christendom from Moslem influence. Heister attended the Latin School; there he displayed exceptional intelligence, a proficiency in music and painting, and a zeal for the study of humanities including the classics, mathematics, philosophy, and history, as well as French, English, and Dutch. In his 19th year he began the study of medicine at the University of Giessen and became an intimate in the household of Moeller, the anatomist and physician, whom he assisted with demonstrations on the cadaver and on visits to the sick. In the years 1706-1708, Heister attended the public lectures of Rau, assisted the great anatomist, Ruysch, in Amsterdam, and studied under Albinus, Sr. and Boerhaave in Leyden. His


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