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ARTICLE |

JAMES COPLAND (1791-1870) MEDICAL ENCYCLOPEDIST

JAMA. 1967;200(13):1178. doi:10.1001/jama.1967.03120260074016.
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James Copland, editor and sole compiler of a monumental compendium of medicine upon which his fame rests, was born in the Orkneys, surrounded by a grand but rugged Nature.1 His family subsequently moved to Lerwick, one of the Shetland Islands, where he received his early schooling with the parish clergymen. In his 16th year his father took him to Edinburgh; there he attended the literature, mathematics, and philosophy classes at the University in anticipation of entering the Church. After four years of higher education, Copland forsook all thoughts of the pulpit inasmuch as such a course offered him no new field of research; instead he placed his destiny in a medical career. His graduation thesis, composed in Latin and presented for the MD degree in 1815, advanced the doctrine that the origin of inflammation resided in lesions of the nerves supplying the capillary vessels. Having gained particular attention from

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