Two major international symposia on pyelonephritis have been published in the United States, one in 1960 and the other in 1965. The present volume adds a third, held in Germany and composed almost exclusively of contributions from Middle Europe. The symposium was divided into several large sections: etiology and pathogenesis, pathological anatomy, pathophysiology, special diagnostic procedures, clinical aspects, special clinical problems, treatment, and prophylaxis and prognosis of pyelonephritis. There is, therefore, a broad attempt to cover the subject and to deal with its many ramifications.
Unfortunately, relatively few of the contributors have made leading primary contributions to the field so that a great deal of the material represents reworking of data already published elsewhere. As is inevitable under such circumstances, the quality of the presentation varies. In some instances, the authors were clearly in command of the literature and of the implications of the substantial advances that have occurred in