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Acute Pulmonary Histoplasmosis After Exposure to Soil Contaminated by Starling Excreta

Wade T. Murdock, M.D.; R. E. Travis, M.D.; W.D. Sulliff, M.D.; Libero Ajello, Ph.D.
JAMA. 1962;179(1):73-75. doi:10.1001/jama.1962.03050010000017a.
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IN CONTRAST to the sentimental attitude with which man usually contemplates the birds, the starling (Sturnus vulgarus) is more and more being thought of as a nuisance. Since its deliberate introduction into this country from Europe in 1890, the bird has spread widely and has increased rapidly in numbers. It has become not only a problem to farmers, but because of its tendency to roost in large numbers on buildings and in parks and other wooded areas, it has become an urban pest as well. A usurper of nest sites, the starling has caused a decrease in many native hole-breeding birds. The woodpecker has frequently been a victim. The starling has also been incriminated in a recent aviation disaster. Lately a few reports have appeared indicating that another offense can be added—namely, a role in the epidemiology of urban histoplasmosis. This communication provides further evidence to support this contention, as


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