0
We're unable to sign you in at this time. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
We were able to sign you in, but your subscription(s) could not be found. Please try again in a few minutes.
Retry
There may be a problem with your account. Please contact the AMA Service Center to resolve this issue.
Contact the AMA Service Center:
Telephone: 1 (800) 262-2350 or 1 (312) 670-7827  *   Email: subscriptions@jamanetwork.com
Error Message ......
Other Articles |

Chemical Agents Affecting Experimental Caries

Isadore Zipkin, Ph.D.
JAMA. 1961;177(5):310-313. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.73040310007006b.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

A NUMBER of discrete chemical agents influence incidence and severity of experimental caries in the rat and hamster. Some of these agents have been clinically tested in the human being. Various fluorides, sodium lauroyl sarcosinate (SLS), lysine, various phosphates, penicillin, and tetracycline reduce caries-activity in experimental animals. Ethylene-diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA) and dehydroacetic acid (DHA) potentiate caries activity. In general, trace elements and vitamins do not play any significant role.

Caries Inhibiting Agents 

Fluoride.—  Sodium fluoride,1 sodium silico fluoride, sodium phosphorofluoridate,1 ammonium silicofluoride,2 and stannous fluoride3 reduced animal caries-activity when administered posteruptively. Potassium hexafluorophosphate and sodium trifluoroacetate were ineffective when given in the drinking water,1 and sodium fluoride, sodium silicofluoride, sodium phosphorofluoridate, and potassium hexafluorophosphate were ineffective when injected intraperitoneally. Sodium fluoride, sodium silicofluoride, sodium phosphorofluoridate—all equally cariostatic in the rat—were absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract at the same rate.4 Stannous fluoride similarly

Topics

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

Letters

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign in

Create a free personal account to sign up for alerts, share articles, and more.

Purchase Options

• Buy this article
• Subscribe to the journal

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();