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JAMA. 1961;176(9):806-807. doi:10.1001/jama.1961.03040220054015.
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Sixty-five years ago, Osler listed heredity, rich diet, alcohol, tobacco and, above ail, the "worry and strain of modern life" as the causes of arteriosclerosis and especially of coronary disease.1 Within a decade, experiments were under way which showed that diets rich in milk solids and egg yolk were related to disease in rabbits; 20 years later American pathologists confirmed Anichkov's experimental arteriosclerosis following upon cholesterol feeding. In the past two decades, studies on men have confirmed Snapper's thesis that vegetable oils and low animal fat in the diet caused the striking difference in arterial disease and in venous thrombo-embolism observed in Peiping and in Amsterdam.2 Thomas' comparison of thrombo-embolic disease and coronary disease in Negroes in St. Louis and in Uganda (matched necropsies of those over 40 years old) indicates that a vegetarian diet can prevent 90 per cent of our thrombo-embolic disease and 97 per cent


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