THE DESMOID TUMOR is an infrequent, but by no means exceptional, finding. Pack and Ehrlich1 reported 0.03% desmoids among 50,000 tumor admissions at the Memorial Hospital in New York City and 0.13% among 16,000 tumor cases in Viennese hospitals. At the Edgewater Hospital in Chicago among 22,694 surgical cases, 3 desmoid tumors were found, or 0.013%, in the period from 1953 to 1959.
According to Pack and Ehrilich,1 the definition of a desmoid tumor is an encapsulated, infiltrating fibroma of fascial or aponeurotic origin, with a microscopic appearance which varies from that of an acellular fibroma to that of a cellular, low-grade fibrosarcoma. The first tumors of this kind were reported by McFarlane2 of Glasgow; however, the term desmoid was coined in 1858 by Muller,2 who used this term because he was impressed with the dense, tendon-like consistency of the tumor (desmós, Greek:band).2