The need for more family physicians is recognized by the American public and by medical educators, but medical graduates have shown a decreasing inclination to enter the general practice of medicine as family physicians. A committee studying this problem predicts an ever-increasing need for such doctors. Medical schools can reverse the present trend by bringing back more expert family physicians to their teaching faculties. During his 5 critical years the medical student needs intimate contact with highly qualified, experienced, and respected family doctors. The disappearance of these key figures from the American medical scene cannot be prevented unless family physicians and medical educators alike face and accept this challenge.