JAMA. 1960;174(1):69-70. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03030010071019.
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The development of nerve gases during World War II initiated a new surge of interest in resuscitation because of the action of these gases in paralyzing respiratory muscles, depressing the respiratory center, and impairing pulmonary ventilation through bronchoconstriction and increased pharyngeal secretions. In the past dozen years, work in several laboratories in the United States has produced much new information about the emergency handling of asphyxia, particularly regarding techniques which may be applied with little or no equipment by laymen with minimal training. The support for this work has been furnished in large measure by the Department of the Army, both through the Office of the Surgeon General and through the Medical Research Laboratories at the Army Chemical Center.

One of the striking advances has been in the simulation of apneic casualties in various ways in an attempt to study in the laboratory the variables which are difficult to study


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