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Louis M. Orr, M.D.
JAMA. 1960;173(13):1429-1431. doi:10.1001/jama.1960.03020310017006.
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Last September, an editorial in the "Chicago Tribune" contained the following statement. "Abraham Flexner was one of the movers and shakers of his era. The world is a different and a better one, thanks to his influence." The New York Times editorial said that "No other American of his time has contributed more to the welfare of his country and of humanity in general." Dr. Flexner made it possible for physicians to see clearly the direction of their efforts in medical education. The size of medicine's debt to him can be appreciated by going back to the year 1908, when there were three classes of medical schools: good, bad, and indifferent.

Medical Schools Before the Flexner Report  Here is a brief picture of medical education in St. Paul, Minn., around the turn of the century. Dr. A. J. Stewart wrote the following. "The students, reading in the different doctors' offices,


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