Before World War II the Russians recognized that brucellosis was a serious economic and public health problem throughout the USSR. Although great strides have been made in controlling the disease, brucellosis is still considered the most important zoonotic disease in that country. The author of this monograph has performed a first-rate service in reviewing the literature and presenting the problem of brucellosis in the USSR. The magnitude of the problem is formidable. Brucellosis in Russia is primarily a disease of sheep and goats, and almost unbelievable numbers of human beings from various areas have become infected with Brucella melitensis. For the most part, human brucellosis is an occupational disease involving livestock producers, veterinarians, farmers, and those working in packing plants. This pattern is found elsewhere in the world.
Perhaps the most revealing aspects of this study are the aggressive methods used for controlling the disease in man and in animals.