There is a continuing need for adequately trained anesthesiologists. Physicians and medical educators should recognize the importance of teaching anesthesiology to students and of including this specialty in the curriculum. The course here described provides for the introduction of certain graded work in each of the four years of the curriculum. It calls for careful integration with the work in other departments and for the active interest of the teaching staff. Although the teaching of anesthesiology as a specialty is primarily a postgraduate problem, this plan has been highly successful in focusing the student's attention on the fundamentals of anesthesia and resuscitation. It has also served to clarify the relationship of the patient as an individual with disease or diseases to the mental and physical trauma of an operation.