The Second World Conference on Medical Education, sponsored by several organizations including the American Medical Association and held in Chicago, Aug. 30 to Sept. 4, 1959, focused part of its attention on the problem of recruiting, training, and retaining talent in medical education. It is not surprising, perhaps, that the conferees from the industrially underdeveloped countries such as India and Indonesia should report that in their countries the salary scales for teachers are so low that recruitment of able persons for full-time teaching and research in the basic medical sciences is extremely difficult, or even impossible. In fact, a former officer of the World Medical Association from India stated that in his country it was virtually only those persons who could not succeed in the practice of medicine who became teachers, quoting the old saw, "he who can, does. He who cannot, teaches."
Oddly enough, the situation in the richest