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V. J. Meads, M.D.
JAMA. 1957;163(8):677-678. doi:10.1001/jama.1957.02970430067024.
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To the Editor:—  I cannot agree with some of the statements of Crasilneck, McCranie, and Jenkins in "Special Indications for Hypnosis as a Method of Anesthesia" (J. A. M. A.162:1606 [Dec. 29] 1956) wherein they state: "... it might be advantageous to have the conscious cooperation of the patient..." and in the next paragraph they state: "... some persons who are hypnotized are capable of entering the depth of hypnotic state necessary to produce sleep...." These statements are contradictory and confusing. The term trance would have been more accurate, as hypnosis is not sleep.In the last paragraph before the Summary and Conclusions the statements are made: "There are also risks involved in hypnotizing patients who have psychological problems. A careful psychiatric evaluation should be performed prior to the use of hypnosis." By a clear understanding with the patient that the trance is to be used for anesthesia only, and


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