Tuberculosis in the Army of the United States in World War II: An Epidemiological Study with an Evaluation of X-Ray Screening

JAMA. 1956;161(3):292-293. doi:10.1001/jama.1956.02970030110036.
Text Size: A A A
Published online


The guiding interest of this monograph has been epidemiological, not clinical, and operational rather than theoretical. The study was undertaken primarily to determine the effectiveness of the x-ray screening of recruits at induction and discharge in the detection of disabling tuberculosis in World War II. From 1942 to 1945, about 17,500 men were admitted to Army hospitals with a diagnosis of tuberculosis and ultimately separated for disability with an estimated cost of about 175 million dollars. About half the men rejected for tuberculosis had active, and half potentially active or inactive, lesions; 3,099 men discharged for tuberculosis (1943 to 1946) were studied with a control group of 3,000 enlisted men not discharged for tuberculosis. It is possible to operate an induction screen at different levels, depending on manpower needs. Substantial improvement in the screening appears to rest on supplementing the x-ray with such aids as the tuberculin skin test, which


Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
First page PDF preview




Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).


Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.