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ARTICLE |

PRESENT STATUS OF SURGICAL TREATMENT FOR CARDIAC DISEASES

Thomas J. Dry, M.B.
JAMA. 1952;150(1):19-24. doi:10.1001/jama.1952.03680010025006.
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In 1938, Robert Gross performed the first successful ligation of a patent ductus arteriosus. This spectacular event is to a large extent responsible for setting in motion a veritable chain reaction in which investigators in many fields of biology and science have shared the experiences of the clinician and the surgeon. In an unbelievably short time, the application of surgical techniques has spread to a growing number of acquired and congenital cardiac disease states. To present a picture of the current status of surgical techniques for cardiac diseases, this survey includes information gathered by means of a questionnaire from the experiences and opinions of a number of clinicians and surgeons prominent in this field.1

For convenience of discussion, the cardiac diseases amenable to surgical treatment can be divided into three groups. 1. This group consists of those instances in which a physiological restoration to normal or near normal is

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