First International Congress on Psychiatry.
—This congress was held in Paris Sept. 18-27, 1950, under the honorary presidency of Professor Lhermitte and the presidency of Professor Delay. More than 2,000 persons, representing 47 nations, attended.
BRAIN FUNCTION STUDIES FOLLOWING LOBOTOMY AND TOPECTOMY
H. J. de Barahona Fernandes (Lisbon) discussed the development of psychosurgery, which has achieved spectacular results. Meyer (London) reviewed the results of 122 anatomic examinations in cases of prefrontal leukotomy. Granular or agranular areas constitute the only striking architectural difference in the lobe itself. The study showed that specific mental faculties cannot be related to well-defined regions of the granular frontal cortex but that there is a relation between the degree of alteration of personality and the damage sustained by prefrontal regions. No significant information has been obtained with respect to the pathology of functional psychosis. According to the author, the recurrence of symptoms of schizophrenic and affective