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Emil Novak, M.D.
JAMA. 1951;146(10):881-885. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670100001001.
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The purpose of this paper is twofold. First, it constitutes a plea for the still widely persecuted normal ovary and the essentially normal "cystic ovary." Secondly, it offers for consideration certain pathologic principles that must be envisaged in operations on ovaries that are the seat of definite disease, especially the benign and malignant neoplasms.

NORMAL AND CYSTIC OVARIES  It was in 1872 that Robert Battey, of Georgia, incidentally one of the founders of the American Gynecological Society, instigated perhaps the first serious onslaught on the ovary, which he accused of responsibility for all manner of neuroses and menstrual difficulties. Many thousands of ovaries were sacrificed before this theory was abandoned. The greatly increased knowledge of the biologic importance of the ovary has happily engendered such a high degree of conservatism that no conscientious and well-trained gynecologist of today would treat the normal ovary wantonly.I am not saying that removal


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