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JAMA. 1951;146(9):863. doi:10.1001/jama.1951.03670090095029.
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Male and Female Death Rates.  —Some interesting facts reviewed in an annotation in Lancet April 7, 1951, are based on a paper presented before the Royal Statistical Society on March 28, 1951, by Mr. W. J. Martin, D.Sc., of the Medical Research Council's statistical research unit. Martin reported that since death registration began, more than a hundred years ago, the ratio of male to female deaths has been consistently above unity in different age groups of the population and in different parts of the country. Furthermore, the female death rate is declining more quickly than the male, and the gap widens with increasing speed.Although control of infection has produced a fall of about 50% in the death rate since 1870, the male death rate, which in 1841-1845 was 9.6% greater than the female death rate, became 27.6% higher than the latter in 1931-1935.The actuarial expectation rose between 1840


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