Recognition of the importance of bronchial affections in adult pulmonary tuberculosis has been attained by an increased utilization of bronchoscopy during the past two decades that has added immeasurably to our knowledge of this disease. In the forefront of the contributors to this subject have stood American bronchoscopists trained in the tradition of Chevalier Jackson. Bronchial involvement in childhood pulmonary tuberculosis is similarly important but appears to have received less attention among bronchoscopists in this country.
The foreign literature has been far more replete with articles dealing either with exhaustive studies or with isolated case reports than has the American literature. In reviewing the Transactions of the American Broncho-Esophagological Association we have been able to find only one contribution, that of Myerson1 in 1940. During the past five years numerous articles in foreign periodicals have been listed,2 with scarcely a reference by American authors. The few papers in