This book outlines the Adlerian concept of psychology, so-s called "individual psychology," which deals primarily with feelings of inferiority and the compensating psychologic mechanisms which are brought into place in automatic attempts toward adjustment.
The author deals particularly with the concept of "organ inferiority" considered as a part of constitutional pathology. Adler's first monograph dealt with inferiority of organs and their psychic compensations. Way includes a critique of psychoanalysis and a comparison of psychoanalysis with the methods and aims of the Adlerian school, indicating that the Freudian answer provides only for a life of regression and repetition, as compared with the life of progress and overcoming, which are interpreted as Adlerian goals.
The author has purposely avoided giving personal details of Dr. Adler's life and his early associations with Freud. He concentrates on a review and evaluation of Adler's theories with special reference to their differentiation from so-called "rival schools."