Tuberculosis in Turkey.
—At the eleventh National Medical Congress, held at Ankara, Oct. 16-19, 1950, Ord. Prof. Tevfik Saglam of Istanbul University presented a report on tuberculosis in Turkey. Professor Saglam, the foremost authority on tuberculosis in Turkey, who for almost 20 years has been active in tuberculosis control work in Istanbul, gave a short history of societies for the prevention of tuberculosis, the first of which was founded in 1916 in Istanbul but was short-lived because of conditions arising in the wake of World War I. In 1923 a society was established in Izmir (Smyrna), but it was not very active. In 1926 the Istanbul society was reestablished; it became very active, especially after 1940, when the effect of war conditions was reflected in a rising incidence in tuberculosis.According to prewar statistics, the tuberculosis death rate in Turkey's three largest cities, Istanbul, Ankara and Izmir, was 150 to