This volume, in Russian, contains a series of lectures delivered in a ten day review course offered by the Central Postgraduate Institute. The ten day program was arranged so that each lecture presented a more or less complete review of the present status of a problem with emphasis on the contributions of Soviet medicine. The most prominent representatives of Soviet medicine were invited to participate. Preference was given to physiologic problems. On reading some of these lectures the reviewer felt that either the average Soviet doctor was head and shoulders above an average American physician or that the lectures went over their heads. They read in fact as an advanced seminar in physiology. Perusal of the titles alone is sufficient to indicate their highly theoretical nature. Thus, "The Modern Status of the Localization of Nervous Functions," "The Problem of the Center and the Periphery in the Physiology of Nervous Activity,"