Today, as medical progress continues to record advancement in the prevention, diagnosis and cure of disease, psychiatric illness has become the primary medical problem of the nation—indeed, even of the world. Physical medicine as a specialty is so closely associated with psychiatry in the rehabilitation and restoration of mental patients that their objectives are almost synonymous. Physical medicine, like psychiatry, is a social as well as a medical science concerned with the patient's recovery, then his adjustment to family and community and finally his economic independence.1
Burlingame2 has stressed the importance of physical medicine in aiding the psychiatrist in restoring psychiatric patients to society. Hawley3 pointed out the rehabilitation potentials of psychotic patients. Blain4 emphasized the importance of activity rehabilitation measures in the restoration of patients with chronic mental illness and in aging patients with mental disorders.
The Physical Medicine Rehabilitation Service in neuropsychiatric hospitals of