Dr. Shryock traces the historical development of medical research in the United States from European sources to the cultural independence that developed after 1895. The outstanding leadership of William Welch is recognized, and the appreciation and growth of private support are adequately recorded. After a chapter on public relations the growth of public support is described, including the work of the National Research Council and the great voluntary agencies. Dr. Shryock concludes that far more support of basic research is needed than has thus far been available, particularly because medical research makes progress chiefly on basic research. He supports the view that there should be governmental support of the social sciences, yet apparently fails to realize the possible menace in political application of social science research.