John J. Rainey, M.D.
JAMA. 1955;157(13):1152. doi:10.1001/jama.1955.02950300080019.
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To the Editor:—  The famous school for postgraduate study in Vienna flourished for many years before World War I, carried fitfully on during the chaos of the 1920's and 1930's, and, finally, with the advent of Adolf Hitler, died. The clearing house for postgraduate medical studies was under the auspices of a society known as the American Medical Association of Vienna. Physicians from all over the world came there to study, the Americans being in the majority. It was truly an international organization and did much to cement friendship and understanding between doctors of every race, color, and creed. At no time in medical history were doctors more highly respected than in Vienna before World War I. With few exceptions they were very poor men, and the $5 for their lecture courses or instruction on the cadaver was a boon and afforded them better food and possibly a new suit


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