Sugar cane from which the juice has been extracted is called bagasse. The product is stored in the open for months or years when it is broken, processed and pressed into various 'shapes for insulating building materials. The dust of the dried grass is an industrial hazard. The disease that follows its inhalation is known under the dubious name of bagasse or even more improperly, perhaps, as bagassosis1 or bagasscosis.2 Sodeman and Pullen3 state that "Since the suffix 'osis' is properly added only to words formed from Greek roots and since we have as yet not been able to trace the term 'bagasse' to the Greek, we prefer the simple term 'bagasse disease of the lungs."
Bagasse disease of the lungs is characterized by cough, dyspnea and hemoptysis, night sweats, chills and intermittent fever. Roentgenologic examination of the chest shows mottling of both lungs, like that of miliary