Concern for the health and welfare of children is an old American habit. The repetition of this concern by the decennial White House Conferences has now become a custom. At approximately 10 year intervals since President Theodore Roosevelt called the first conference in 1909 to plan for the care of dependent children, the president in office has gathered together the leaders in health, welfare and education to take stock of current practices and lay plans for further improvement of the children of the nation.
Among the many recommendations of the first White House Conference was the creation of a Children's Bureau. This Children's Bureau, created in 1912, gave leadership to the second White House Conference in 1919 under President Woodrow Wilson, as the closing activity of the "Children's Year." This conference was concerned essentially with child welfare standards and the health of children and mothers. Though many of its recommended