JAMA. 1947;135(13):824-827. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02890130014007.
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The prevalence of accidents especially among children has recently been brought into the limelight by the reduction in the number of cases and the increased control of many infectious diseases. This has occurred largely as a result of improved sanitation and the relatively widespread use of immunization, chemotherapy and antibiotics. As a result, in 1943 accidents were the leading cause of deaths in all children in the United States from 1 to 19 years of age.1 Moreover, the fact that in the very young and the very old accidents are not the chief cause of death should not be taken to imply that these groups have a decreased incidence of accidents. The contrary is true. In 1944 the average death rate for accidents in all age groups in the United States was 71.8 per 100,000, that for infants under 1 year of age was 110.9 and that for persons


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