Death Rate in Infants.
—Dr. A. Valenzuela found that the death rate in infants, although still very high, has greatly diminished in the last 10 years as a result of the greater attention given by the various governmental organizations to pregnant women and infants. More than 50% of the deaths in early childhood occur before the age of 4 years. The mortality rate for infants under 1 year of age in the various regions of the country is now between 21 and 39%. The lowering of death rate in infants in the first year of life has been observed throughout the country but is greatest in urban centers. The main causes of infant mortality are gastroenteritis and bronchopulmonary diseases (Rev. ecuator. Pediat.4:131 [Dec.] 1954).