John T. Cowles, Ph.D.
JAMA. 1954;155(16):1383-1387. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.03690340005002.
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I would like to present this subject not so much as a member of a particular organization engaged in the development and administration of testing programs, but rather as a representative of the relatively new field of specialists in tests and measurements of human behavior. In the course of discussing testing procedures and problems with a few specialty board members, I have discovered that we have a common area of keen mutual interest, namely, the development of the best possible techniques for selecting candidates for responsible places in society. I have been asked to report on a number of new and promising ways of improving examination procedures; these may, if given a sound trial, prove quite useful in the future to medical examining boards.

While the systematic study of test methods is not new —it probably started with the German psychophysiologists in the past century—it is only quite recently that


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