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Cesare Frugoni, M.D.
JAMA. 1947;134(14):1197-1198. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02880310055022.
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To the Editor:  In an article by Dr. W. C. Davison (The Journal, April 6, p. 921) the condition of Italian medical education before and after the second world war was criticized. I feel it my duty to clarify the facts.The inevitable consequences of a long war deprived us of valuable men, material and buildings. At present, two years after the end of the war, Italian universities are in financial difficulties, with a greatly increased number of students. The expenses which have been met already and which are necessary to reconstruct the damaged buildings are absolutely enormous. Replacement of equipment (instruments, reagents, animals, books) is another heavy problem. It is feared that some old universities will have to be closed for lack of funds. However, medical scientific activities have never ceased. In October 1946 the first postwar national medical meetings took place in Florence and were remarkably successful.The


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