Criticism of the Doctorate of Medicine.
—The Norwegian degree of doctor of medicine is an important stepping-stone to promotion to higher appointments in the medical world. It is based on a thesis, often running into several hundred printed pages, that is supposed to represent important original work. Many of these theses are rejected by their official judges with the result that the coveted degree is withheld after much time and money has been spent on it. There has been a growing sense of dissatisfaction over the whole subject (Tidsskrift for den norske laegeforening). Professors Torgersen and Ström complain of the quality of these theses they have been obliged to reject, stressing the futility of not starting with a clear formulation of the problems the prospective doctor of medicine sets out to solve. What a pity, Torgersen says, that the Norwegian author does not follow the Anglo-Saxon rule, with the opening