A discussion of the treatment of infections of the neck should entail the following: first, the fascial planes of the neck; second, the area from which the infection arises; third, the types of organisms which are present, and fourth, the medical and surgical treatment of the infection.
The fascial planes of the neck
The fascia is a sheet or band of tissue which invests and connects muscles and other functional structures, such as neurovascular bundles, with the viscera.. The fascia consists of a waxy matrix of fibrous and fatty fibroareolar tissue cells in various proportions as to cellular components, depending on the position and functional requirements.Genetically, the fasciae are composed of the same type of connective tissue cells which are utilized in the formation of the supportive framework and the covering of muscles, blood vessels, nerves and viscera. The fasciae are structurally identical with the periosteum and muscle tendons