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JAMA. 1932;99(26):2194-2195. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02740780046020.
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The Congress of Orthopedics  At the fourteenth French Congress of Orthopedics, presided over by Professor Froelich of Nancy, the first topic on the program dealt with the surgical treatment of scolioses. In his introductory paper, Dr. Marcel Fèvre of Paris reviewed the methods proposed by Guérin, Volkmann, Chipault, Kidner and Galloway, Hibbs, Kleinberg, Armitage Whitman, Tuffier and Mauclaire. The only treatment to be considered today is the ankylosing operation, by means of extra-articular arthrodeses. In paralytic scolioses the prognosis is bad and operation should not be resorted to until two years after the attack of poliomyelitis. In congenital scolioses, osteosynthesis is indicated only in the cervicodorsal types, the others having little tendency to become aggravated and the orthopedic appliances being then sufficient. Rachitic scolioses are not to be operated on other than during the period of adolescence, in case no improvement has been obtained from antirachitic treatment. The so-called essential


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