The Personality of the Preschool Child: The Child's Search for His Self

JAMA. 1947;133(13):969. doi:10.1001/jama.1947.02880130069029.
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In 1943 Dr. Wolff published "The Expression of Personality: Experimental Depth Psychology," a book devoted to a study of the verbal, written and artistic productions of individuals as significant indexes of their motivations, symbolisms and personality. In the present volume Dr. Wolff applies his research methods to the preschool child, whom he proposes to evaluate by criteria that are intrinsically different from those applicable to the adult. In the first four chapters the author presents a brilliant and penetrating analysis of the intellectual, emotional and social growth of the child. He correctly points out that the usual tests for "average intelligence" are highly unreliable during the first three years of life, since the personality of the tester, the variability of circumstance and the highly labile sensitivities and emotional reactions of the child may prevent him from expressing his latent perceptive, integrative and esthetic talents. To measure these Dr. Wolff proposes


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