0
ARTICLE |

DEFECTS OF THE CARDIAC SEPTUMS

Arthur Selzer, M.D.
JAMA. 1954;154(2):129-135. doi:10.1001/jama.1954.02940360027008.
Text Size: A A A
Published online

A decade ago our knowledge of congenital heart disease was based primarily on the morphology of the malformations and on empirical observations permitting the establishment of clinical patterns and criteria for diagnosis, such as characteristic auscultatory findings, specific electrocardiographic changes and roentgenographic configurations. The recently introduced methods of investigation, such as cardiac catheterization, angiocardiography, and oximetry, permitted a more direct insight into the dynamic alterations that were brought about in these remarkable experiments of nature and thereby helped to place the diagnostic approach to congenital cardiac disease on a more comprehensive and rational basis.

Although the clinical syndromes associated with defects of the ventricular septum and of the atrial septum were recognized a long time ago, a diagnosis of septal defect was in the past considered acceptable because of the many similarities between the two types of septal defects. Recently, however, it became more and more evident that a communication

Topics

Sign In to Access Full Content

Don't have Access?

Register and get free email Table of Contents alerts, saved searches, PowerPoint downloads, CME quizzes, and more

Subscribe for full-text access to content from 1998 forward and a host of useful features

Activate your current subscription (AMA members and current subscribers)

Purchase Online Access to this article for 24 hours

First Page Preview

View Large
/>
First page PDF preview

Figures

Tables

References

CME
Meets CME requirements for:
Browse CME for all U.S. States
Accreditation Information
The American Medical Association is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education to provide continuing medical education for physicians. The AMA designates this journal-based CME activity for a maximum of 1 AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM per course. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity. Physicians who complete the CME course and score at least 80% correct on the quiz are eligible for AMA PRA Category 1 CreditTM.
Note: You must get at least of the answers correct to pass this quiz.
You have not filled in all the answers to complete this quiz
The following questions were not answered:
Sorry, you have unsuccessfully completed this CME quiz with a score of
The following questions were not answered correctly:
Commitment to Change (optional):
Indicate what change(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
Your quiz results:
The filled radio buttons indicate your responses. The preferred responses are highlighted
For CME Course: A Proposed Model for Initial Assessment and Management of Acute Heart Failure Syndromes
Indicate what changes(s) you will implement in your practice, if any, based on this CME course.
NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Multimedia

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Jobs
brightcove.createExperiences();