This volume is a publication of the National Manpower Council, which was established at Columbia University in 1951 under a grant from the Ford Foundation. The Council was founded to study manpower problems, particularly those concerned with the quality of personnel. This is its second report; the first, "Student Deferment and National Manpower Policy," was published in April, 1952.
This study contains policy recommendations in part 1. The discussion "Facts and Issues About Scientific and Professional Manpower" comprises part 2. While general statements about higher education receive some attention, emphasis is focused on physicians, engineers, physicists, and teachers, as representative of the broad group included in professional and scientific manpower. The increase in the number of occupations classified as professional or scientific is discussed, and changes that have occurred in professional educational requirements are reviewed. The volume covers such varied topics as the economic factors affecting education, employment markets, and