Preschool Child Mortality.
—A review of one of the more neglected aspects of pediatrics, mortality in children aged 1 to 5 years, has recently been published from the Child Welfare Department, Edinburgh (Edinburgh M. J.60:212, 1953). It is based on a study of child deaths in Edinburgh from 1901 to 1951. In 1901 the total number of deaths in this age group was 777; in 1951 it was 45, in spite of the fact that during this half century there was an increase in the population aged 1 to 5 years. The main causes of death in 1901 were as follows (the corresponding figure for 1951 is given in parentheses): measles 111 (0), whooping cough 175 (2), tuberculosis 123 (5), and bronchitis and pneumonia 130 (5). In 1951, in this age group, there were no deaths from measles, scarlet fever, or diphtheria, and only one from "diarrhoeal diseases."