In 1922, the Rockefeller Foundation established a program of fellowships in the medical sciences under the administration of the medical fellowship board, National Research Council. Comparable programs in the physical and biological sciences were initiated in 1919 and 1923, respectively, with the support of the foundation. These fellowships were designed to provide experience at the postdoctoral level for persons with promise in research and teaching. It was anticipated that fellows would undertake academic careers and would play an important role in the development of future investigators. Since an adequate number of fellowships has been granted and sufficient time has elapsed to permit analysis, it seems pertinent to evaluate the results of the Rockefeller Foundation-National Research Council medical research fellowship program. A preliminary survey of past fellows and rejected applicants has, therefore, been made for the purpose of comparing the subsequent careers of these two groups.
The following general question formed