Tuberculosis Campaign and BCG Vaccination.
—More than 25 years of malaria control work and, in recent years, the plentiful application of DDT procured through the Marshall Plan, have considerably lessened the incidence of malaria in Turkey. The scourge has almost come under control, and deaths from malaria are few now. At present, tuberculosis is first in importance among public health problems in Turkey. Unfavorable housing conditions and the high cost of food during and after the war raised the tuberculosis death rate from 218 to 267 per 100,000. Formerly, an average of 40,000 persons died of tuberculosis every year. The various measures taken by the Ministry of Health and Social Assistance reduced the tuberculosis death rate to from 150 to 200 per 100,000. To the 5,932 hospital beds available for tuberculosis patients in 1950, 1,068 have been added, so that there are now 7,000. Tuberculosis outpatient clinics and health centers